Machupicchu is one of the top 10 attractive places in the world, it was a citadel built by the Inca civilization on the XV century, nowadays we can visit and see a big part of the original construction, thousands of people get there daily and feel as they would be in the past.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu covers 32.592 has. and most part of its area belongs to the high jungle and the rest to the highlands, this means there is a great variety of animals and plants in different ecological zones.
Machupicchu means “The old Peak” and is one of the highest mountains of the area, the altitude of the inca citadel is 2490 m.a.s.l. and the average temperature is 15 – 20 °C, there are some important mountains around the citadel, Putucusi, Huaynapicchu and Machupicchu Mountain, these last two are to the north and to the south respectively.
There are different ways to get there, The Classic Inka Trail is the most popular where the environment with flora and fauna, the archaeology and the impressive landscapes help to walk without getting tired, another good tour to do on the way to Machupicchu is The Salkantay trek where the second highest snow capped peak please all the power that you wear down walking for approximately 8 hours per day, The Inka Jungle trek is another one, this is an adventure trip which includes Downhill Biking, River Rafting, Hiking and Zip Line, The Lares trek is another one which mixes the hiking activity plus the transportation by train, travelling for aproximatelly 2 hours to Aguas Calientes or Machupicchu town and enjoying the best landscapes throught the high mountains.
Peru Hiking Tours is one of the local travel operator that offers all these and more tours around Cusco and Machupicchu with good and reasonable prices.